Overall, the U.S infant mortality rate has declined from 20 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1970 to 6.9 deaths in 2000. MMWR Weekly April19, 2002/51(15;329-332,343). This involves integrating concepts of family-centered care into every aspect of perinatal care beginning with the first prenatal visit. Fact Sheet, March 18, 2002), Since 1970 there has been a consistent decline in the infant mortality in Illinois from 21.3 per 1,000, to 8.3 in 1900, to 7.2 deaths per 1000 live births in the year 2002. The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Headquarters: 185 Berry St., Suite 2000, San Francisco, CA 94107 | Phone 650-854-9400 Washington Offices and Barbara Jordan Conference Center: 1330 … The 2013 rate is the lowest rate ever reported in Illinois. The mortality rate for males in SCC (976.0/100,000) was 46% higher than the mortality rate for females (664.5/100,000). Year: 2005. -0- Rate zero corresponding to "--" in frequency counts CSV The Illinois Infant Mortality Rate: 6.6 per 1,000 live births The U.S. 2006. These barriers can be removed with an integrated approach to identification and prevention of medical and psycho-social risks that begins pre-conceptionally, and extends throughout pregnancy and the postpartum periods. These are: Barriers to achieving desired maternal-child-disease prevention outcomes for all citizens of Illinois include access to comprehensive Perinatal services, including preconception/inter-conception care, and social services. These statistics demonstrate a need for measures for reducing the infant mortality rates in Illinois, and closing gap in racial disparity. (National Vital Statistics Report; CDC Vol. 12 July 20, 2000) Children born to young adolescent mothers are at greater risk for infant mortality and low birth weight. 6 December 2002, pp1163-1168), Over four million babies are born in the United States every year. Four Midwestern states have infant mortality rates “significantly higher” than the U.S. average, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control.. Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan and Ohio were among the states cited for rates higher than the national average – 5.79 per 1,000 live births. The 10 Most Disadvantaged Counties in Illinois: “Poor By Comparison” – Social Impact Research Center“Women of Color Health Guide” – National Institutes of Health“2014 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report” – Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality“Congressional District Housing Profile” – National Low income Housing Coalition“Data on the Life Course Indicators” – Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs“Who’d Get the Raise to $10 in IL?” – Terpstra“Illinois Concentrated Disadvantage” – IDPH  Heartland Alliance 2016 Poverty Report. 1 The number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births.. IDPH Infant Mortality, by County, 2006-2008 Rates are per 1,000 live births ** Rate does not meet standards of reliability or precision. Winnebago County’s African-American infant mortality rate among highest in Illinois News Posted: May 7, 2019 / 10:12 PM CDT / Updated: May 8, 2019 / 03:19 PM CDT Together with short gestation, low birth weight accounts for one out of five deaths that occur in the first 28 days of life. This includes a review of the parents' attitudes toward the pregnancy, family life, child care practices, environmental stressors, support systems and interest in childbirth education classes. 1-866-324-5553 TTY, We hope you like our new design. Many of the large cities of the U.S however, continue to have high infant mortality rates compared with national rates. This represents marked improvement from the calendar year 2010 rate of 6.8 deaths per 1,000 live births and from the calendar year 2009 rate of 6.9. Infant Mortality Rate: 6.17 per 1,000 live births Poverty. Although adjusted for differences in age-distribution and population size, rankings by state do not take into account other state specific population characteristics that may affect the level of mortality. New Poverty Data Paint a Grim Picture for Illinois, Read the fact sheet on the new dataRead more about what this could mean for IllinoisDataset: Poverty in Illinois Communities in 2014. In calendar year 2014, it was 1,044. Issue Brief; June 28, 2004) The leading cause of infant mortality is prematurity. Infant Mortality Rates by Race, Illinois: 1960-2000..... I-30 TABLES Table A. MMWR Weekly April 19, 2002), Low birth-weight also contributes to infant mortality. A detailed description of case management can be found in the Maternal Child Health Services Code (77 Ill. Admin. Maternal and infant mortality is especially important to Illinois families. Although there is an overall decline in infant mortality rates in Illinois, infants born to African American mothers died at a higher rate than white or Hispanic babies during 2002. Important goals of perinatal care are, improving early entrance to prenatal services, and parent-newborn-family relationships. This decline followed a period of increase in the 1970s and1980s. The United States Department of Health and Human Services reports that the percentage of births that are low birth weight or vary low birth weight has actually been increasing in this country in the past decade. This decline was found in the three major ethnic groups. Tasha Green Cruzat, president of Voices for Illinois Children, an advocacy group, said battling the racial gap in infant mortality is a high priority for her organization. 48, No. In 2000 the percentage of black mothers who initiated first trimester prenatal care was 74.3%, compared to 74.4% for Hispanic mothers and 88.5% for whites. A "*" indicates that data did not meet standards of reliability. Teen mothers are less likely to receive prenatal care and have the financial resources, social supports, and parenting skills required for child rearing. In 2000, infant mortality was 8.5 per 1,000 live births. Disparities in access to prenatal care between white, black, and Hispanic mothers narrowed during this period. However, the death rate for African-American children in Chicago was 14.8 in 2002, down slightly from 15.1/1,000 in 2001, while deaths for white infants declined from 5.5 in 2001 to 5.1 in 2002. Illinois' infant mortality rate for 2011 (i.e., year that corresponded with the fiscal year of this report) was 6.6 deaths for every 1,000 live births, tied for lowest rate for the state of Illinois. Grace B. Hou, Secretary. Finally, case management is a component of the care provided to pregnant women. vi. Today, the United States ranks 32 nd out of the 35 wealthiest nations when it comes to infant mortality. In addition to giving us key information about maternal and infant health, the infant mortality rate is an important marker of the overall health of a society. Although the trend in infant mortality rates among blacks and whites have been on the decline, the proportional discrepancy between black and white rates has increased. Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), the mortality rate for infants of non-Hispanic white women ranged from 2.52 in D.C. to 7.04 in Arkansas. All figures are 5-year moving averages. Studies of U.S infant mortality by region document persisting geographic disparities and differences across racial and ethnic groups (CDC. © 2021 Illinois Department of Public Health. Data from the National Vital Statistics System 1. Infant Mortality Rate, Illinois Residents, 1920-2018 Detailed Data Year Deaths Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) 2018 943 6.5 2017 912 6.1 2016 985 6.4 2015 952 6 2014 1,044 6.6 2013 942 6 2012 1,032 6.5 2011 1,062 6.6 2010 1,116 6.8 2009 1,176 6.9 2008 1,263 7.2 2007 1,196 6.6 2006 1,343 7.4 2005 1,294 7.2 2004 1,317 7.3 2003 1,380 7.6 2002 1,304 7.2 2001 1,379 7.5 2000 1,528 8.3 Illinois Department of Public Health 535 West Jefferson Street Springfield, Illinois 62761 Phone 217-782-4977 Fax 217-782-3987 TTY 800-547-0466 Questions or Comments Pregnancy is a dynamic process involving actual and potential health status changes . Nationally, Illinois ranked 8th in infant mortality in 2000; the national rate was 6.9. Definitions: Data are rate per 1,000. In 2013, the number of Illinoisans living in poverty was almost 2,000,000, according to a report from the Social Impact Research Center. 2017 birth data come from National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. n By Gender Males across all regions had higher mortality rates than females. Illinois' infant mortality rate for 2009 (the latest year available) was 6.9 deaths for every 1,000 live births, the second lowest rate for the state. Illinois was one of 16 states in 2018 to have a “significantly higher” infant mortality average in the nation, based on data from the National Center for … IM ... Rates are per 1,000 live births ... Last Updated 12/2/2009. For individuals with increased medical, nutritional or psycho-social risks, the benefits of comprehensive health care, result in significantly lower mortality and morbidity rates. 2. In combination with congenital anomalies, disorders associated with unspecified low birth-weight and SIDs, accounted for 46% of all infant deaths in the United Stated in1998.(CDC. In all cases, perinatal care that focuses on the client's individual needs, can improve health outcomes of mothers and their infants. Rates measure the number of events (i.e., deaths, births, etc.) Illinois' infant mortality rate for calendar years 2012 and 2013 was 6.5 deaths and 6.0 deaths for every 1,000 live births, respectively. County: Births. 3. 48, Number 12). The mortality rates were calculated as the number of deaths per 1,000 live births. In spite of several years of steady progress, and general improvement in health outcomes for child -bearing women, in many communities of Illinois, infant mortality, unintended pregnancies, and high STD rates continue to challenge our health care delivery system. 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